The black gum tree (Nyssa sylvatica) is a medium-size deciduous tree (it drops its leaves in the fall) with a slow growth rate, gaining only around 1 to 2 feet per year.It generally grows in a rounded shape with a straight trunk, and its bark is said to look like alligator skin. Occasional periods of dry soil. Nyssa aquatica, commonly called tupelo gum or water tupelo, is a large aquatic tree that is native to floodplains and swamps from Florida to Texas north to Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky and Virginia. Wildlife Connections: Blackgum foliage is a host plant for a relatively few insects. Also grows well in moist woodland gardens or naturalized areas or in low spots subject to periodic flooding or in boggy areas. Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun to part shade. One of the most up-and-coming native trees over the past twenty years is black gum or tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica).). Nyssa sylvatica is a deciduous tree that can grow up to 15.00 metres tall. Rarely reaches 100 feet in the wild. 1913. Britton, N.L., and A. File:Nyssa sylvatica range map.jpg Natural range Nyssa sylvatica , commonly known as black tupelo, tupelo, or blackgum , is a medium-sized deciduous tree native to eastern North America from New England and southern Ontario south to central Florida and eastern Texas , … Bloom Description: Greenish white. NATIVE RANGE. Native to the United States east of the Mississippi River as well as the Ozark Plateau and from the southern Great Lakes and southern New England to central Florida, Nyssa sylvatica is a versatile larger tree that thrives in a broad range of conditions. Nyssa sylvatica. Of course, its extensive range means that it sports many common names. This plant has some cultivated varieties. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Nyssa bicolor is very similar and often confused with Nyssa sylvatica. Nyssa sylvatica is a beautiful shade tree native in all but the coldest parts of the eastern United States. Fertilized female flowers are followed by edible sour fruits, … In the region that is familiar to me, extreme southern Ontario, black gum is found in areas that stay moist due to ephemeral spring flooding and a high water table. It can be found in mixed woodlands from Ontario, south to the border of Mexico, and as far west as Texas. Companion plants: Shade tree. Nyssa sylvatica has a USDA winter hardiness zone rating of 5a. Plant Type: Trees. In autumn, the foliage reliably becomes a brilliant scarlet-red. It is often seen growing in standing water in the lower Mississippi Valley and southeastern U.S. coastal areas, either in pure stands or in combination with bald cypress, water oaks and … Bloom Description: Greenish white. Suitable to grow in: 8A 8B 9A 9B . Summary. Basic Description. It is primarily dioecious, with male and female flowers on separate trees, although trees typically host a few "perfect" flowers. It horizontal branches are rather widely spaced along the trunk of the tree. The dark green leaves turn vivid shades of yellow, orange or red before falling, making it … Nyssa sylvatica has a native range from Texas, north into Oklahoma, Kansas, Missouri, Illinois, Wisconsin, and east throughout the rest of the United States, including Ontario in … One of our most beautiful and underused native trees. 1913. Known Hazards None known Botanical References Once established, resistant to drought and flooding. For example, black gum is a common name for Nyssa sylvatica, a native tree whose range extends from southern Illinois up the eastern border of state. Please view this page on a tablet or larger screen for the moisture graph. Britton, N.L., and A. Special Features. Moderate. Botanical names: Nyssa sylvatica Common names: Black gum, blackgum, tupelo, black tupelo, sour gum, pepperidge Origin: Native from southern Maine to central Florida in the east and as far west as Michigan and eastern Texas Where it will grow: Hardy to minus 30 degrees Fahrenheit, or minus 34 degrees Celsius (USDA zone 4 to 9; find your zone) Typical plant communities: Grows … Nyssa sylvatica is a small or medium sized, broadly columnar, deciduous tree grown for its fantastic autumn colour which is native to parts of North America and Canada. 4 Photos. Spectacular scarlet fall color. Consistently moist, well-drained soil. Consistently moist, well-drained soil. Moisture Tolerance Graphic. Common names include sourgum, black tupelo, black gum, and pepperidge. Zone: 3 to 9. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. ... Join Donate. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica One of the most attractive native trees around. Figure l-The native range of black tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica). Specimen tree where its sweeping branches and scarlet fall color can be appreciated. Nyssa sylvatica 30’ / “” 30 750-. Sources Kew Backbone Distributions The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … Low branches are set at 90 degrees to the trunk and spread widely, so does not make a good street or lawn tree. Nyssa sylvatica. Occasionally saturated or very wet soil. Obovate to elliptic, entire to slightly toothed leaves (to 5" long) are dark green above and paler below. Height: 30 to 50 feet. Common names include sourgum, black tupelo, black gum, and pepperidge. White, inconspicuous flowers bloom May-June. Tupelo or sour gum is a striking pyramidal tree in its youth with horizontal branches growing from a typically straight trunk. Occasional periods of dry soil. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties … It is harvested from the wild for local use as a food, medicine and source of materials. Use Spectacular mid-sized specimen shade tree. sylvatica. Tupelo. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. ... Nyssa sylvatica - … Native to the United States east of the Mississippi River as well as the Ozark Plateau and from the southern Great Lakes and southern New England to central Florida, Nyssa sylvatica is a versatile larger tree that thrives in a broad range of conditions. Moisture Tolerance. Tolerant of salty wind and may get some salt spray. Height: 30 to 50 feet. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory (Producer). Suitable to grow in: 8A 8B 9A 9B . Black tupelo - Nyssa sylvatica Native Range Border Related Maps. Interesting Bark. One of our most beautiful and underused native trees. Excellent ornamental shade tree for lawns or street tree. Definition Native Landscape Plants for Your Area Gardens with Natives Native Plant Communities Interpretive Trails Native Plant Hot Spots. Zone: 3 Height: 10-15 m Spread: 9-10 m Colour: White Size Available ... An excellent ornamental shade tree with brilliant fall colour and suitable for a wide range of locations, including typically wetter areas. Occasionally saturated or very wet soil. Black Tupelo is a very refined native when properly placed. In the region that is familiar to me, extreme southern Ontario, black gum is found in areas that stay moist due to ephemeral spring flooding and a high water table. Suitable Substitutions for Nyssa sylvatica. Wooded areas, usually sandy, moist to dry. Native Range: Eastern North America. 1913. Forest tent caterpillar can defoliate the tree in the spring. On the other end of the spectrum, tolerates some drought and adapts to some dryish soils, at least in the wild. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Exposure to salt spray would be uncommon (major storms). Growth habit: Pyramidal when young, black gum develops an irregular rounded or flat-topped form with age. Sun: … Small, greenish-white flowers appear in spring on long stalks (female flowers in sparse clusters and male flowers in dense heads). It is local in central and southern Mexico. (Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry), Usually moist, occasional inundation ----- to ----- Not wet but not extremely dry. Native habitat: Dry hills or wet flatlands of the eastern U.S.; a Kentucky native. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. Makes an excellent specimen tree, tidy shape. 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