Eleusis was an ancient Greek mystery religion that offered its initiates a blessed afterlife. ATHENS — It was time to take a journey into the Underworld. Ancient entheogen users often cited a connection to a divine realm or entity, mystical and indescribable visions, the dissolution of the ego or self, and subsequent acceptance of death – all common themes in today’s well-known psychedelics including DMT (dimethyltryptamine), mescaline, LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), and sacred mushrooms (psilocybin). Despite this fact, it was preserved in the memory of people, because a multitude of important persons, like Plato, Aristotle, Aristophanes, Plutarch, Pythagoras, Aeschylus, but also Roman emperors like Augustus, Marcus Aurelius, Hadrian, Sulla, and many others were initiated in this sacred site. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. The Plutonian Cave of Eleusis is located within the Archaeological Site of Eleusis. While the Telesterion changed, on occasion, shape, and dimensions, the Palace always remained in its initial position. The second reason was the spread of the cult of Eleusis, which constitutes a combination of the Orphic and Cabeiri Mysteries, of Delphi and Samothrace or Lemnos, namely of Apollo and Hephaestus. It is there that Apollo replaced Hyacinthus and was presented in common worship. where the "Sacred Path" is the diameter of the. Photo by Carole Raddato (CC BY-SA 2.0) Psychedelics have been used for thousands of years by indigenous cultures but new research suggests that the ancient Greeks, Romans and even some early Christians may have used psychedelic substances in their religious … While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. It was the location of a very important sanctuary where the Eleusinian Mysteries (Elefsinian Mysteries) took place every year around the end of what we now call September. There is also the opinion, according to Pausanias, that the worship of the Cabeiri is associated with fire worship, which was introduced by the Thraco-Pelasgians and received by the Achaeans in 2.200 B.C. General view of sanctuary of Demeter and Kore and the Telesterion (Initiation Hall), center for the Eleusinian Mysteries, Eleusis. As we still hold to the idea of an ancient Greece that is white as much as it is sterile. Apollo is also mentioned as a Cabeiri deity. Ιt has a width of 5 km, therefore it presents a deviation of only 1,5%. See more » Archaeological Museum of Eleusis. and up. ... when the goddess's cult was one of the most important in Ancient Greece. According to the old belief and relates in the Homeric Hymn, Demeter (goddess of agriculture) stopped to rest at Eleusis during her quest for her daughter, Persephone, who was kidnaped by Hades. The celebrations began on the 19th Boedromion (September/October). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Eleusinian Mysteries: An Unresolved Ancient Greek Puzzle 2. The Museum designed by J. Mousis, was built in 1889 in order to house the excavation finds from the site. Eleusis was one of the most important religious centers in Greece. Namely, it is a delineation similar to the one used by astronauts, traveling in space, because for the travelers of that time anything that was located beyond the Greek world was unknown space, in the same way, we see outer space today. This axis can be named "Path of the Mysteries" because it passes through the basic Mystery shrines of the Greek area. went to Eleusis in search of her daughter Kore ( Persephone ), who had been abducted by Hades (Pluto), god of the underworld. 11 miles) from Athens, in the modern town with teh same name. Entry in this space was forbidden and only the Hierophant was allowed to enter as it happens nowadays in the Holy Sepulchre. The operation of the site lasted for 2.200 years, when, beginning with Theodosius I in 379 A.D. and later by the accord of Theodosius II the ancient cults were definitively banned. ... Eleusis. Eleusis, ancient Greek city famous as the site of the Eleusinian Mysteries. A simple trip from the center of Athens, the Sacred Way once led here to the most popular religious cults in the Ancient World. The Palace had a predetermined position and orientation, on the straight line that connects the Necromanteion with Delos (image X). Eleusinian Mysteries, most famous of the secret religious rites of ancient Greece. The length of 364 km between Samothrace (Cabeiri) and Amyclae (Hyacinthia) is equal to the distance between the Necromanteion and Delos (we shall call this axis "Sacred Path"). Cultural Day Trip to Eleusis and Loutraki, including SPA and Seafront Lunch. The Cabeiri were a group of deities of the ancient Greek religion, while in the dictionary of Sudas, Cabeir means Daemon. Back on the Sacred Way, and nearing Eleusis, the outward signs of decadence become even more pronounced, as the most “sacred of sacred” sites in the ancient world has been drowned in concrete, iron, and gas, as Greece’s oil refineries were built there. They were the oldest ones and were held from 1800 B.C. The ancient Greeks had some ideas about what happened to a person afterlife. Surrounded on all sides by a thriving modern industrial town, the site of Eleusis is renowned as the home of the Eleusinian Mysteries, a series of annual initiation ceremonies for the cult of Demeter and Persephone which ranked among the most sacred religious rites of ancient Greece. Around 11 miles northwest of Athens is the site of Eleusis, famous for the Eleusian Mysteries. The most fertile plain of ancient Attica where, according to the traditional myth of Demeter, agriculture first developed. So the Telesterion had no windows, so it was a dark space, like Hades was considered to be, inside which the initiations took place. Without this system of delineation, there would be no colonies. and is located in the Thracian Plain near the gulf of Eleusis Ancient Eleusis | Ritual Center of Greece - Mythical Routes The city of Eleusis, now known as Elefsina, a city between Athens and Corinth, was built around the sanctuary and temple of Demeter, the goddess of crops, which dated back to Mycenaean times. Reminds me of the way the UDV and Santo Daime take Ayahuasca. These two axes are not random because, when projected on the astral dome, they create a system of delineation through fixed geographical points, where the "Sacred Path" is the diameter of the Celestial Sphere (EE') and this way we can locate the Solstices and Equinoxes of the celestial Sphere. Of all the mysteries celebrated in ancient times these were held to be the ones of greatest importance. (Image: Andronos Harris /Shutterstock) Paying Charon, the Ferryman. 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