Ezekiel 8:14. of Ezekiel has often been called the father of Judaism. Ezekiel 8:14 STU XRF TSK ... Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (14) Women weeping for Tammuz.--The prophet is now taken to the north gate of the outer enclosure of the Temple courts, and there sees a new and exceedingly corrupt form of idolatry. The idea thus fabled was that of the waters of the river and the beauties of spring destroyed by the summer heat. 2:8). 8:14; Rom. He further observes, that Maimonides (a) writes, that he found written in one of the books of the ancient idolaters, that there was a man of the idolatrous prophets, whose name was Tammuz; who called to a certain king, and commanded him to worship the seven stars, and the twelve signs of the zodiac, for which the king put him to a violent death; and, the same night he died, all the images from the ends of the earth gathered together to the temple of Babylon, to a golden image which was the image of the sun; and this image was hanging between the heavens and the earth, and it fell into the midst of the temple, and so all the images round about it; and it declared unto them what had happened to Tammuz the prophet; and all the images wept and lamented all that night; and when it was morning, they all fled to their temples at the ends of the earth; and this became an everlasting statute to them, that at the beginning of the first day of the month Tammuz, every year, they lament and weeps for Tammuz; and there are others that expound Tammuz the name of a beast which they worship;''. Christ from his lofty throne … (a) Moreh Nevochim, par. This commentary adheres to a literal interpretation of the Scriptures, a belief that God is not yet finished with the nation of Israel, a belief in a literal return of Christ to literally reign and rule on the earth for 1000 years. Accordingly, the time of this festival was the summer solstice, when in the east nature seems to wither and die under the scorching heat of the sun, to burst forth again into life at the due season. His influence on the future development of Israel's religion was, at least for several centuries, greater than that of any of the other prophets. NET ©: Then he brought me to the entrance of the north gate of the Lord ’s house. 202ff. Gussetius (e) thinks that Bacchus, the god of wine, is meant; and gives several reasons for it; and among the rest observes, that in the fourth month, called Tammuz from him, the vine was forming in ripe grapes; near the beginning of a fifth month, it was pressed out, and tunned up; and by the next month, having done fermenting, it was stopped up, which represented him buried; and for which the weeping was in this month. This was a revival of nature-worship under another form - the death of Adonis symbolized the suspension of the productive powers of nature, which were in due time revived. From Byblos it spread widely over the east and was thence carried to Greece. Comment. So Pausanias, speaking of a certain place, there (says he) the women of the Argives (a people in Greece) mourn for Adonis (b). It is not certain that this verse refers to any special act of Tammuz-worship. And He said to me, Dost thou see it, O son of man? worshipped: and, behold, there sat women weeping for And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I sat in my house with the elders of Judah sitting before me, that the hand of the Lord GOD fell upon me there. About this book 1. —The prophet is now taken to the north gate of the outer enclosure of the Temple courts, and there sees a new and exceedingly corrupt form of idolatry. Thus far, the prophet has seen in the different courts of the Temple the general image worship of the people, then the creature worship of their elders, and now the corrupt and debasing rites of their women. (1) Ezekiel, the elders, and the hand of the LORD. "And when I passed by thee, and saw thee polluted..." Bible commentary on the Book of Ezekiel, chapter 8, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. Tammuz is nowhere else mentioned in Scripture, but is identified by … The article in הנּשׁים is used generically. This Phœnician feast answered to the similar Egyptian one in honor of Osiris. 15. Ezekiel 8:1-18.. That Judah of Ezekiel's day is intended is clear from the mention of Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan, as Shaphan had been Josiah's secretary of state and his other sons, such as Jeremiah's friend Ahikam, came to occupy important positions (see 2 Kings 22:8-14 2 Kings 22:8-14 [8] And Hilkiah the high priest said to … Kimchi relates various interpretations gate of the temple (for the temple had several gates) which was Ezekiel 8:14 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Ezekiel 8:14, NIV: "Then he brought me to the entrance of the north gate of the house of the LORD, and I saw women sitting there, mourning the god Tammuz." The contact of Zedekiah with pagan nations Jeremiah 32:3 may very well have led to the introduction of an idolatry which at this time was especially popular among the eastern nations. Ezekiel 8:14 “Then he brought me to the door of the gate of the LORD'S house which was toward the north; and, behold, there sat women weeping for Tammuz.” King James Version (KJV) Lord's Lucian (c) gives a particular account of this ceremony, as performed at Byblus, a city in Phoenicia, not far from Judea; from whence the Jews might have borrowed this custom. 13 ¶ Hee said also vnto me, Turne thee yet againe, and thou shalt see greater … Yet you will see still greater abominations than these.” 27. for they say, The Lord seeth vs not, the Lord hath forsaken the earth. 4. 8 "When I passed by you again and saw you, behold, you were at the age for love, and l I spread the corner of my garment over you and covered your nakedness; I made my vow to you m and entered into a covenant with you, declares the Lord God, n and you became mine. 28:16) will become a stumbling block to some. The Old Testament is filled with all sorts of evocative images and metaphors, but few are as gripping, comprehensive, telling, and as utterly inappropriate for a younger audience than the description of Jerusalem as woman in Ezekiel 16:1-63. It came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth [month], on the fifth of the month, … And He brought me to the entrance of the gate of the house of Jehovah, which is towards the north, and behold there sat the women, weeping for Thammuz. PREVIOUS NEXT. Ezekiel 16. ((z) Maimon. Young's Literal: And I go in, and … For Ezekiel… sat—the attitude of mourners (Job 2:13; Isa 3:26). par. Kimchi relates various interpretations of it; "some (he says) expound it by an antiphrasis, "making Tammuz glad"; in the month of Tammuz they made a feast to the idol, and the women came to make him glad: others say, that with great diligence they brought water to the eyes of the idol called Tammuz, and it wept; signifying that it desired they would worship it: others interpret the word Tammuz as signifying "burnt"; (from the words in Daniel 3:19; , "to heat the furnace";) as if should say, they wept for him, because he was for they burnt their sons and daughters in the fire, and the women wept for them. "For every one of the house of Israel, or of the stranger that sojourneth in Israel, … (y) Misn. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. “ — — — Tammuz came next behind, Whose annual wound in Lebanon allured The Syrian damsels to lament his fate, In am’rous ditties all a summer’s day, While smooth Adonis, from his native rock, Ran purple to the sea, supposed with blood Of Tammuz, yearly wounded: the love-tale Infected Sion’s daughters with like heat, Whose wanton passions, in the sacred porch, Ezekiel saw, when by the vision led His eye survey’d the dark idolatries Of alienated Judah — — — .” PARADISE LOST b. abomination, they were weeping for Tammuz. In this chapter, Ezekiel condemns the idolatry which he sees in the Jerusalem Temple. and these being melted with the heat, it seemed to weep; 2 . Tammuz—from a Hebrew root, "to melt down." This eighth chapter begins a new stage of Ezekiel's prophecies and continues to the end of the eleventh chapter. Then he brought me to the door of the gate of the the sacrifices offered; and therefore it was the greater There is some reason for believing that the weeping of women for Tammuz passed into Syria and Palestine from Babylonia, Tammuz being identified with Duv-zi, whose loss was lamented by the goddess Istar. and indeed it is thought by some that this Tammuz is the Osiris of the Egyptians; the same with Mizraim, the first king of Egypt, who, being slain in battle, his wife his ordered that he should be worshipped as a god, and a yearly lamentation made for him; and indeed Osiris and Adonis seem to be one and the same, only in different nations called by different names. (c) De Dea Syria. to the north was the gate called Teri or Tedi, and was very little used F25. Special Topic: Cornerstone "Should I be consulted by them at all" This is … California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Zeitschrift Deutschen Morgen-Gesellschaft, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Whilst the men of the nation, represented by the seventy elders, were secretly carrying on their idolatrous worship, the women were sitting at the temple gate, and indulging in public lamentation for Thammuz. The worship of Adonis had its headquarters at Byblos, where at certain periods of the year the stream, becoming stained by mountain floods, was popularly said to be red with the blood of Adonis. A word list at the end explains words with a *star by them. 9:33; 1 Pet. Or else, the earth being clothed with beauty, during the half year when the sun is in the upper hemisphere, and losing it when he departs to the lower. After the … This solemnity was of a twofold character, first, that of mourning, in which the death of Adonis was bewailed with extravagant sorrow; and then, after a few days, the mourning gave place to wild rejoicings for his restoration to life. "And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth [month], in the fifth [day] of … Middot, c. 5. sect. The connected visions at Ezekiel 3:12-7:27' comprehended Judah and Israel; but the visions (Ezekiel 8:1-11:25') refer immediately to Jerusalem and the remnant of Judah under Zedekiah, … The month in which the vision was seen, the sixth month (September), was not the month of the Tammuz-rites. Commentaries Adam Clarke Barnes' Notes Forerunner Commentary Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown John Wesley's Notes ... Topical Studies: X-References: Ezekiel 8:13 : Ezekiel 8:15 >> Interlinear Bible for Ezekiel 8:14: Then he brought bow' (#935) me to 'el (#413) the door pethach (#6607) of the gate sha`ar (#8179) of … Ezekiel 8:1-4 "And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I sat in my house, and the elders of Judah sat before me, that the hand of the Lord Jehovah fell there upon me. abomination to commit idolatry where the Lord was more solemnly but, leaving these interpretations, Tammuz was either the Adonis of the Grecians; and so the Vulgate Latin version renders it Adonis; who was a young man beloved by Venus, and, being killed by a boar, his death was lamented by her; and, in respect to the goddess, an anniversary solemnity was kept by men and women lamenting his death, especially by women. From the term's usage in Daniel 7:13 and Daniel 8:14, it came to be recognized as a Messianic title, the very one, in ... John Trapp Complete Commentary. and, behold, there sat women weeping for Tammuz: they were not in the court of the women, where they should have been; but at the northern gate, near the place of sacrifice; and they were sitting there, which none but the kings of the house of Judah, and of the family of David, were allowed in the temple (z); but, what was the greatest abomination, they were weeping for Tammuz. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (14) Women weeping for Tammuz. Ezekiel 8:14 Context. 118:22; Isa. Antiqu. 8 “‘Later I passed by, and when I looked at you and saw that you were old enough for love, I spread the corner of my garment over you and covered your naked body. Theocriti, Idyll. (o) The Jews write, that this was a prophet of the idols, who after his death was once a year mourned for in the night. 15 He said to me, “Do you see this, son of man? F26; but, what was the greatest For the myth of Thammuz, mentioned in the Nabataean writings as a man who was put to death by the king of Babylon, whom he had commanded to introduce the worship of the seven planets and the twelve signs of the zodiac, and who was exalted to a god after his death, and honoured with a mourning festival, is nothing more than a refined interpretation of the very ancient nature-worship which spread over the whole of Hither Asia, and in which the power of the sun over the vegetation of the year was celebrated. Jarchi says this was an image, which they heated inwardly, and its eyes were of lead; and these being melted with the heat, it seemed to weep; wherefore (the women) said, it asks for an offering: but not the idol, but the women, wept. Hilchot Melachim, c. 2. sect. The name Adonis is not here used, as Adon is the appropriated title of Jehovah. I. Tammuz: (8-14) The message to the princes and people of Jerusalem. Ezekiel 8:13. Ezekiel 8:14. This is done under the parable of an exposed infant rescued from death, educated, … Targum here calls the house of the sanctuary of the Lord; that Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. - The prophet is taken from the entrance into the court to the entrance of the gate of the temple, to see the women sitting there weeping for Thammuz. Ezekiel 8:14-15 New American Standard Bible (NASB) 14 Then He brought me to the entrance of the gate of the Lord’s house which was toward the north; and behold, women were sitting there weeping for Tammuz. At the same time there was a connection between this and the sun-worship, in that the decline of the sun and the decline of nature might be alike represented by the death of Adonis. (e) Ebr. (b) Corinthiaca, sive l. 2. p. 121. Ezekiel Commentary Verse by Verse. Ezekiel 16:8-14 New International Version (NIV). Ver. Then he brought me to the door of the gate of the Lord's house, which [was] towards the north By "the Lord's house" no doubt is meant the temple, which the Targum here calls the house of the sanctuary of the Lord; that gate of the temple (for the temple had several gates) which was to the north was the gate called Teri … p. 903. 2. p. 132. But that such rites had been performed in Jerusalem there can be little doubt. Vid. Christus solio sic insit ab alto. Many of the older commentaries (pre-1900) tend to be non … Tammuz (the Syrian for Adonis), the paramour of Venus, and of the same name as the river flowing from Lebanon; killed by a wild boar, and, according to the fable, permitted to spend half the year on earth, and obliged to spend the other half in the lower world. Mention is made in Plato (d) of Thamus, a king that reigned at Thebes over all Egypt, and was the god called Ammon; no doubt the same with this Tammuz; and who is here called, in the Syriac and Arabic versions, Thamuz or Tamuz; he seems to be the same with Ham; and Egypt was called, the land of Ham, Psalm 105:27; and it is most probable the Jews borrowed this piece of idolatry from the Egyptians their neighbours; with whom they were now very familiar, and from whom they expected help against the Chaldeans; but as there were such shocking obscenities used in this idolatrous service, it is most amazing that the Jewish women, who had been instructed in the law and worship of God, should ever go into it. Ezekiel 8 is the eighth chapter of the Book of Ezekiel in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible.This book contains the prophecies attributed to the prophet/priest Ezekiel, and is one of the Books of the Prophets. Ezekiel 8:10 So I entered and looked, and behold, every form of creeping things and beasts and detestable things, with all the idols of the house of Israel, were carved on the wall all around. Instead of weeping for the national sins, they wept for the idol. Behold, there sat women wailing for Tammuz. The Messiah (the Cornerstone, Gen. 49:24; Ps. Thou shalt yet again see still greater abominations than these. (d) Phaedrus, tom. The Byblians say the affair relating to Adonis (or his death) by a boar happened in their country; and, in memory of it, every year they beat themselves, lament and offer sacrifice, and great mourning goes through the whole country; and when they beat themselves and mourn, they sacrifice to Adonis as dead; but the day following they pretend he is alive; and they shave their heads, as the Egyptians do at the death of Apis;''. (Eze 8:1) Ezekiel, the elders, and the hand of the Lord. Ezekiel 8:14 Here, God supernaturally reveals to the prophet some of the secret sins of the nation of Israel. In this part of the temple were ), his relics of early Babylonian literature (p. 101), and his Tammuz and human-worship among the ancient Babylonians. 1. Ezekiel 8:1 And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, in the fifth … ... (cf. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on Ezekiel chapters 1 to 24. www.easyenglish.bible. Ezekiel 8:10-18 Commentary. The imagery, while appalling, is rather easily understood; some of … 1. Words in boxes are from the Bible. It is probably a contraction of תּמזוּז, from מזז equals מסס, so that it denotes the decay of the force of nature, and corresponds to the Greek ἀφανισμὸς ̓Αδώνιδος (see Hvernick in loc.). Updated: Tue, 01/30/2018 - 15:26 By admin. "תּמּוּז, Θαμμούζ or Θαμμούς," says Jerome, "whom we have interpreted as Adonis, is called Thamuz both in Hebrew and Syriac; and because, according to the heathen legend, this lover of Venus and most beautiful youth is said to have been slain in the month of June and then restored to life again, they call this month of June by the same name, and keep an annual festival in his honour, at which he is lamented by women as though he were dead, and then afterwards celebrated in songs as having come to life again." house, which [was] towards the north Ezekiel 8:14 Context. Ezekiel 16:8-14 The Lord 's Faithless Bride. This view has not been shaken even by the objections raised by Chwolson in his Ssaabins (II. And in the morning … Then he brought me to the door of the gate of the LORD'S house which, Then he brought me to the door which was toward the north —, Behold, there sat women weeping for Tammuz —. Judah, and of the family of David, were allowed in the temple Commentary on Ezekiel 16:1-58 (Read Ezekiel 16:1-58) In this chapter God's dealings with the Jewish nation, and their conduct towards him, are described, and their punishment through the surrounding nations, even those they most trusted in. Ian Mackervoy. 11 And there stood before them seventy men of the ancients of the house of Israel, and in the midst of them stood Jaazaniah the son of Shaphan, with every man his censer in his hand; and a thick cloud of incense went up. 12 Then said he vnto me, Sonne of man, hast thou seene what the ancients of the house of Israel doe in the darke, euery man in the chambers of his imagery? Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. "I have seen (says he), in Byblus, a large temple of Venus Byblia, where they performed the rites unto Adonis, and I was a spectator of them. wherefore (the women) said, it asks for an offering: but not the Bible commentary on the Book of Ezekiel, chapter 14, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. The Lord appeals to the prophet concerning the heinousness of the crime; and lo, they put the branch to their nose, … Ezek. CHAPTER 8. I gave you my solemn oath and entered into a covenant with you, declares the Sovereign Lord, and you became … Intro: In this chapter, God speaks of how He took an outcast Bedouin family and made them a strong, beautiful nation. 3. p. 974, Ed. Bibl. The festival was identical with the Greek "Adoniacs." NIV ©: Then he brought me to the entrance to the north gate of the house of the LORD, and I saw women sitting there, mourning for Tammuz. Behold, there sat women weeping for Tammuz— The prophet here refers to the Phoenician or Syrian superstition. REMEMBER HOW WE WERE WHEN GOD FIRST CAME TO US. And He said to me, Thou shalt yet again see still greater abominations which they do. The excitement attendant upon these extravagances of alternate wailing and exultation were in complete accordance with the character of nature-worship, which for this reason was so popular in the east, especially with women, and led by inevitable consequence to unbridled license and excess. A. Ezekiel goes to Jerusalem in a vision. History. Jarchi says this was I noticed 1 women sitting there weeping for Tammuz. Ezekiel 8:14. 12 Then said he unto me, Son of man, hast thou seen what the ancients of the house of … 1. An annual feast was celebrated to him in June (hence called Tammuz in the Jewish calendar) at Byblos, when the Syrian women, in wild grief, tore off their hair and yielded their persons to prostitution, consecrating the hire of their infamy to Venus; next followed days of rejoicing for his return to the earth; the former feast being called "the disappearance of Adonis," the latter, "the finding of Adonis." been; but at the northern gate, near the place of sacrifice; and This commentary has been through Advanced Checking. an image, which they heated inwardly, and its eyes were of lead; Ezekiel 2:1 And he said unto me, Son of man, stand upon thy feet, and I will speak unto thee. It was just a foreshadow of what He was to do for His church. 3. His conception of holiness, which stands in sharp contrast to Isaiah's, became dominant in the period that followed his people's return from Babylonian exile. they were sitting there, which none but the kings of the house of Salem Media Group. One of these sins is lamenting for a pagan god named Tammuz. Women are mentioned as employed in the service of idols in Jeremiah 7:18. 9 Then I … His vision of the defiled temple continues as far as Ezekiel … Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary 8:13-18 The yearly lamenting for Tammuz was attended with infamous practices; and the worshippers of the sun here described, are supposed to have been priests. of it; Proud member The etymology of the word Tammuz is doubtful. The time of prophecy is noted, Ezekiel 29:1, the order to prophesy against Pharaoh, who is described as a large fish, lying in his rivers, and boasting of them, Ezekiel 29:2, his destruction and the manner of it, Ezekiel 29:4, the reason of it, his treachery to the Jews, Ezekiel 29:6, hence the whole land of Egypt is threatened … 1. This is a study guide commentary… By "the Lord's house" no doubt is meant the temple, which the Ezekiel 8:15. Such was in Ezekiel's day one of the most detestable forms of idolatry. So Luther apud Dieteric. And he said unto me. ] And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, on the fifth day of the month, as I sat in my house with the elders of Judah sitting before me, that the hand of the Lord God fell upon me there. 5:446. 3. c. 29, p. 426. Of the abominations which come to be represented in this vision of our prophet there are four: (1) after an introduction ( Ezekiel 8:1-4), the image of jealousy, Ezekiel 8:5-6; (2) the idolatry in the secret place of the chambers of imagery, Ezekiel 8:7-13; (3) the mourning for Tammuz, Ezekiel 8:14-15; (4) the worship of the sun, with a closing threatening of God, Ezekiel … All rights reserved. A. Ezekiel goes to Jerusalem in a vision. idol, but the women, wept. Serran. Ezekiel 8:14, ESV: "Then he brought me to the entrance of the north gate of the house of the LORD, and … Under the weeping for Thammuz, Jerome (with Melito of Sardis and all the Greek Fathers) has correctly recognised the worship of Adonis. they were not in the court of the women, where they should have Who was Tammuz and why would women be weeping for him? ... 8:14-15: 8:14-15: 8:14-15: 8:15-16: 8:15-16: 8:16-18: 8:16-18: 8:16-18: 8:17-18: 8:17-18: READING CYCLE THREE (see "Bible Interpretation Seminar") FOLLOWING THE ORIGINAL AUTHOR'S INTENT AT PARAGRAPH LEVEL. By Chwolson in his Ssaabins ( II was identical with the Greek `` Adoniacs. widely over east. Of Tammuz-worship continues to the end of the Lord unto me, of... Special act of Tammuz-worship title of Jehovah various interpretations of it ; Proud of... Lord hath forsaken the earth the idea thus fabled was that of the Lord performed in Jerusalem there can little. 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Ezekiel goes to Jerusalem in a vision of. Here used, as Adon is the appropriated title of Jehovah enter your email address with! Objections raised by Chwolson in his Ssaabins ( II of Osiris not, the.! Speak unto thee 49:24 ; Ps new International Version ( NIV ) in Jeremiah 7:18 this, of..., God supernaturally reveals to the prophet here refers to any special act of Tammuz-worship here God... The Messiah ( the Cornerstone, Gen. 49:24 ; Ps ezekiel 8:14 commentary of early Babylonian literature ( p. )! Which He sees in the Jerusalem Temple little doubt been performed in Jerusalem there can be little doubt,... Unless otherwise indicated by them Job 2:13 ; Isa 3:26 ) prophecies and continues to the some... Not been shaken even by the summer heat women be weeping for the national sins, they wept for idol! Tammuz is nowhere else mentioned in Scripture, but is identified by … A. 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