The other boys in his class finished the whole alphabet while he was mastering the same letter. Sufi literature tells us that 70,000 veils of light and darkness separate people from God. It is an excerpt from the contemporary Sufi Hazrat Inayat Khan’s The Inner Life, which is the first volume of his collected writings. “Subhanallah” meaning “God is perfect” or “Praised be God, or Glory to God” in Arabic. Calligraphy is a visual art related to writing. Language, then, is a divine code, associated with the abstract principles through which the universe was created. The tall cap of the Mevlevi mystics is formed here by the letters of the invocation to Mevlana (Maulana) Jalal ud-Din Rumi (d. 1273) who founded this order of ‘dancing dervishes’. ‘Oh! Linguistically, it is the foundation of classical Arabic and the standard for eloquent literary expression. Choose from 319 different sets of calligraphy flashcards on Quizlet. What can I do, my master taught me no other letter.”15. The teacher was astounded at this wonderful miracle and said, ‘Thou art my teacher! Add a wonderful accent to your room and office with these posters that are sure to brighten any environment. early 12th century) and Ibn 'Arabi all wrote works of Qur’anic exegesis that had a lasting impact on the subsequent exegetical tradition. Above Persian calligraphy bears the following lines from Rumi's ghazal/ode # 2157 from his Divan Shams Tabrizi: "The art of Persian or Farsi Calligraphy is known to have started about 12th century and a new type of script was formed from combining, The word Nastaliq is a compound word derived from Naskh and Taliq.Taliq and Nastaliq scripts were used extensively for copying Persian anthologies, epics, miniatures, and other literary works — but not for the Holy Quran. Find Bismillah Written Islamic Arabic Calligraphy Meaning stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. ", "CALLIGRAPHIC PICTURE OF A MEVLEVI DERVISH CAP Turkey; dated 1322 H/1904-05 CE. Sufi interpretations of the Qur’an, however, were by no means uncontested, and were a key thread in great debates about how to be Muslim as well as the nature of the Qur’an and the varieties of Quranic knowledge. He then lived in the forest and saw the manifestation of Alif which has taken form in the forest as the grass, the leaf, the tree, branch, fruit, and flower; and the same Alif was manifested in the mountain and hill, the stones and rocks; and he witnessed the same as a germ, insect, bird and beast, and the same Alif in himself and others. arabic tattoo, encounter, ink, maktoob, prayer, sufi, tattoo, tattoo repair, the alchemist My client had already obtained a tattoo, “Maktoob” (meaning “it is written”), but wanted to embellish and improve the overall design. Calligraphy has arguably become the most venerated form of Islamic art because the Arabic script was the means of transmission of the Qur'an. Islamic Calligraphy originated as an Arabic script to preserve the holy verses of the Quran into beautifully written form. For according to the traditional Islamic saying, ‘Calligraphy is the geometry of the Spirit.’1, ​Islamic religion, culture, and civilization would not be the same without the presence of calligraphy as manifested in a variety of forms, from religious texts and poetry to architecture and objects of everyday life. In their pursuit of calligraphy, Sufis emulated the broader norm within Islamic culture to give deep respect to the capacity of the written word to convey revealed truths. - Original style hand written rumi quote calligraphy. They were disappointed, and the boy in the end escaped from home, so that he should no longer be a burden to his own people. Persian calligraphy has 12 Principles which are applied to achieve finesse, balance and beauty in written works: 1. Above the divan there is something written in calligraphy, which tells: ‘The people are sleeping; when they die, they awake’. ", "From the earliest Sumerian and Babylonian cuneiform inscriptions, the sacred books of Parsis, the literary influence of the Islamic Conquest, the story of Ferdowsi's Shah Namah (Epic of King), to the magnificence of Persian poetry, Elizabeth A. Reed's scholarly book opens the treasure trove of Persian Literature. Other principles are summarized as follows: Persian calligraphy was mainly applied to inscriptions at the entrances of mosques, shrines and religious places and for writing religious texts. All letters were in the shape of alif, but only the alif kept its form according to the image in which it was created.”17. See more ideas about sufi, art, islamic calligraphy. "The evolution of the Persian script can be traced to 500-600 BC to provide inscriptions on monuments built by the Achaemenid kings. It is the miracle, al-Mu‘ajizah, the source of all Muslim ways of knowing (whether orthodox, rational, or mystical), and it is the basis for all spiritual experience as well as the source of legitimacy for all social and moral values. A desire to become the alif of Allah is often found in mystical poetry, as in the statement by Shamsuddin Hafez (d. 1389), “There is no trace upon the tablet of my heart save the alif of stature of the Friend. wide by 60 cm. The words themselves could be written in gold, or in colours other than black. Special blessing power is attributed to the Bismalah everywhere in the Muslim world. Timeline of Cycles by René Guénon and Gaston Georgel, Letters written with ink do not really exist as letters, for the letters are but various forms to which meanings have been assigned through convention. If all letters come from the alif, as this story depicts, why learn the others? Training in calligraphy linked the student to a spiritual heritage that included esoteric discipline and doctrine. It was written in beautiful Persian calligraphy and was placed above the door of the old Tehran khaniqah. Reeds for small to mid-sized pens are sourced from Dezful in Iran and are dried and processed before use. For Sufis, language is an intertwined combination of revelation and logic. First of all, if you don't know what calligraphy is, here is a three sentence summary: Japanese calligraphy (shodo) is a branch of calligraphy (visual art), using the symbols of the Japanese language (Hiragana, Katakana, and Kanji). In listening to the sacred word and then reciting it, practitioners of Islam emulate the spiritual experience of the Prophet Muhammad receiving the Qur’an from the Angel Gabriel, and then articulating it as transformative speech. His style of calligraphy opened new horizons in contemporary Quranic calligraphy. Many Sufis find support for such mystical understandings of language from Quranic teachings about how God taught Adam the names of all things (i.e., taught him about their true inner nature), and in the mysterious invocation of combinations of isolated or abbreviated letters that preface 29 of the 114 Quranic surahs. Such formulations proved immensely significant for calligraphers, as they infused the craft with layers of mystical as well as exoteric meaning. The goal of Sufi contemplation is to attain Oneness with the One, beyond all ordinary ideas of “relationship.” Although all of creation attests to its origin in God, and can by analogy be understood as a collection of letters or signs created by God’s pen, this “alphabet of existence” is itself ultimately an expression of God that is (in the metaphysics of Ibn al-‘Arabi) “not other” than He. Although many different calligraphy styles would follow Ali’s Kufic, most calligraphers place much significance on their link to Ali, “the first master of calligraphy.”4 Some Sufis (e.g., Mir ‘Ali of Tabriz) even claim Ali as the principal source of inspiration for their own inventions in calligraphy.5. The ink is often in color and chosen so that its intensity can vary greatly, creating dynamism and movement in the letter forms. A comological chart created by Titus Burckhardt to describe Ibn al-’Arabi’s mystical interpretation of the Arabic letters as corresponding to Quranic names of the Divine. is written here in the shape of a falcon which plays a special role as a soul bird in Islamic mysticism. 198 x 133 mm (7 3/4" x 5 1/4"). The first and the last letters, ya and na, form the brim of the hat. Traditionally, the calligraphy was taught in dergahs — Sufi lodges. Clear crisp calligraphy is inspired from Osmanli Calligraphy and sense of proportion developed by Muslim calligraphers of the Holy Qur’an after Ibn Muqlah. که بعدها به وسیله خواجه عبدالحی منشی استر ابادی بدان قواعد و اصول بیشتری بخشیده شد, پس از خط تعلیق که نخستین خط شکل گرفته ایرانی بود. Saint George and the dragon – Cult, culture and foundation of the city. After mastering this lesson thoroughly he returned to pay his respects to his old teacher who had expelled him from school. Today, there are … As Seyyed Hossein Nasr writes, they experienced calligraphy as an attempt to communicate spiritual truths and realities: Islamic calligraphy is the visual embodiment of the crystallization of the spiritual realities (al-haqa’iq) contained in the Islamic revelation. Shiraz, a cosmpolitan city in southern Iran, became one of the more significant places where al-Hallaj’s ideas were embraced and carried forward in the years after his execution. The recent development of software packages in calligraphy has made the process of creating art with calligraphy convenient for those who are not very artistically inclined. Above Persian calligraphy bears these lines from Rumi's. Sufis do not deny historical investigations concerning the developmental origins of signs, words, and grammars, but believe that, just as the continuous processes of creation are guided by divine purpose, so too are processes of linguistic development. It is notorious that the great mass of officials in India, notwithstanding their colloquial knowledge of Urdu and Persian, come short, though after twenty or more years spent in the East, of mastering the intricacies of the running hand. Khat-e-Korsee (Base Line) is a virtual line on which words are rested. Proverbsand complete passages from the Qur'an are still active sources for Islamic calligraphy. "Rumi’s poetry is divided into various categories: the Quatrains (rubayat) and Odes (ghazalyat) lyrical love poems dedicated to hi... Divan-e Shams-e Tabrizi in English           | PDF| ENGLISH | 800 PAGES | Divan-e Shams-e Tabrizi in Farsi "Divan-e S... Ven, Ven, Ven, Vuelve una vez más. The letters themselves were regarded as theophanic forms offering clues for encountering God and returning to the purified, primordial nature of the human being. I love Hindustani music (North Indian classical music) & Qawwali (devotional music of Sufi Islam) sometimes when you see a performance the musicians get so into the music they stick their pointer finger up in the air, usually its You are writing in the name of Allah. In ways that mirror the Sufi master-disciple relationship, serious students of calligraphy are expected to study with a certified calligraphic master who ultimately has the right to bequeath an ijaza—a certificate of permission to be a khattat, or recognized calligrapher and member of a certain calligraphic school. the pursuit of thy learning.’16, This story speaks both to spiritual significance Sufis have ascribed to letters, and to the special status of alif as the character which begins the Arabic alphabet and the word, “Allah.” Sufis have regarded alif as the foremost and most elemental of the letters, even depicting it as the letter from which others have been derived. The characteristic form of the Mevlevi sikke is formed on this, reverse glass painting by Arabic letters of the invocation ya Hazret-i Mevlana [O Our Honorable Master Rumi]. Following in the tradition of the Prophet Muhammad, “to worship with total presence as if one is actually seeing one’s Lord in all things,” the Sufi extends this aspiration toward spiritual presence and vision into language, as reflected in the Sufi saying that “there is no letter which does not worship God in a language.”9, One of the most significant figures in the development of this Sufi view of language was Ja‘far al-Sādiq (d. 765), a renowned scholar of religious sciences and descendent of the Prophet. Cousin and son-in-law to the Prophet Muhammad, Ali ibn Abi Talib, who was the progenitor of many Sufi orders, is credited not only as the founder for the study of rhetoric (al-balagha) and Arabic syntax (‘ilm al-nahw), but also as the developer of Kufic, the oldest style of Quranic calligraphy. This is a very long Blog though, so please make sure to use the, To link to this blog, simply copy and paste the code below into your blog or website, Click here to see more Ottoman Calligraphy, Examples of Various Persian Calligraphy Styles, Persian Calligraphy. I first noticed it when I was a child: sokout dam ghanimat ast, “silence: the breath is precious.” by Alireza Nurbakhsh. Here are 10 quotes written by Rumi that when applied to our own lives give an in-depth understanding of our problems and help us find a way to solve them. Start studying Art chapter 2. It is usually used to write headings, religious inscriptions, and princely titles and epigraphs. Divan Shams Tabrizi - Rubai or Quatrain # 1293: Above Persian calligraphy bears Rumi's following line from, his Divan Shams Tabrizi - Rubai or Quatrain #. Deewani is excessively cursive and highly structured with its letters undotted and unconventionally joined together. ", Persian Calligraphy: Shekastah (broken) Script. For many Sufis, this practice of writing the sacred word took on added levels of significance, encouraging them to play a very active role in the development of Quranic calligraphy. To arrive at this non-dualistic realization is “to have no relation”—and therefore to be at One, to be all and whole. Calligraphy from the Greek word kalligraphía ( καλλος kallos “beauty” + γραφος graphos “writing”) meaning beautiful writing plays an important role in Islam. Deep penetration into the forms of language can reveal an underlying grammar and a generative sound code that correspond with higher, more abstract levels of reality emanating from the divine source. The mastery of letters provided the ABC template (or, in Arabic terms, the alif-ba) for deciphering God’s mysteries. The  development of Deewani Jali is credited to Hafiz Uthman. Both in Islamic religious culture more generally and in the Sufi tradition, the centrality of the divine Word led not just to perfunctory written preservation of oral revelation, but also to a flowering of artistic efforts to write the divine word in beautiful ways. Kufic script (Arabic: الخط الكوفي ‎) is a style of Arabic script that gained prominence early on as a preferred script for Quran transcription and architectural decoration, and it has since become a reference and an archetype for a number of other Arabic scripts. The present paper traces the revival of Islamic calligraphy in Pakistan through the zealous pen and brush of the Sufi Artist Sadequain. For example, certain phrases are repeated in a mathematical pattern. “Geometry of the Spirit”: Sufism, Calligraphy, and Letter Mysticism. When referring to the dot underneath the second letter of the Arabic alphabet, ba, Sufis explained that it represented not only the beginning of words, but also the “First Intellect” manifesting from the unknown Divine Essence and even Ali himself in his extensive wisdom. In Sufi understandings, the sacred character of each letter is symbolized in both its form and in its meaning: “Each letter has a ‘personality’ of its own and symbolizes in its visual form a divine quality since the letters of the sacred alphabet correspond to features and qualities of God as the Divine Scribe.”13, Alif, being the first letter of the Arabic alphabet, is “the letter par excellence” from which all letters are derived. The object of this thought, this intention, and this will were the letters from which God made the principal of all things, the indices of everything perceptible, the criteria of everything difficult. در خراسان بزرگ و کشورهای آسیای میانه، افغانستان و به‌ویژه خوشنویسان دربار گورکانیان در هندوستان (که تعلق خاطر ویژه‌ای به فرهنگ ایرانی داشتند) رشد و پیشرفت قابل توجهی کرد. Al-Sādiq is also regarded as the sixth Imam in Shi‘a thought. The entire text of the Qur’an can be experienced as a window upon Reality through the medium of language. The script was largely developed by the accomplished calligrapher Ibrahim Munif in the late 15th century from the Turkish/Persian Taliq. Since the Qur’an represents the divine word or logos made first into a recitation and then into a book, Muslims have thus developed a reverence for both recitation and the written word, and traditions of beautifying them. However, whilst building on harmonic mathematics, I feel one ought to conceptualise the meaning and the philosophy of meaning. basmalah. being or becoming a Sufi), generally translated as Sufism, is commonly defined by Western authors as Islamic mysticism. Scholars who emphasized exoteric knowledge of the Qur’an sought to delegitimize subjective experiences of the text and to establish objective criteria for valid interpretations of the Qur’an’s theological and behavioral meaning. ‘With books thou hast filled up thy room. Far from regarding the letters as arbitrary building blocks of human language, Sufis have perceived cosmic significance in an alphabet that provides a medium for weaving the very tapestry of existence, and that manifests itself in divine as well as human speech. Above Farsi or Persian Calligraphy bears the following: Jalaluddin Muhammad Balkhi  popularly known as Maulawi (Mevlevi) Maulana (Me... You cannot become a Sufi mystic by simply wearing a Sufi cloak made of wool. Above Farsi or Persian Calligraphy bears the following: Jalaluddin Muhammad Balkhi. Image used with permission. Time of Spring in Sufism, Traditions and Folklores, The Green Man, St George and the Dragon Power of Nature, La Primavera – Botticelli: The Eternal Spring and a message for our times, About Venus, Virgin Mary and “The Pentacle”. Sufi terminology for the specification of divine mani- festations into form.30 The very act of writing, at this stage, is contemplation of the divine beauty. Handmade Calligraphy in Whirling Dervish form. The spaces between the letters are spangled  with decorative  devices  which  do  not  necessarily  have  any orthographic value. Some examples of these “mysterious letters” (muqatta‘at) are found in chapter 68, “The Pen”—the second revealed chapter to the Prophet Muhammad which starts with the letter Nun—and chapter 2 in the written Qur’an, which begins with Alif, Lam, Mim. Get your name written in Calligraphy Get signed copies of Sufi Comics books To enter, all you need to do is to blog in no less than 100 words on your favorite Sufi Comic on your blog, with a … You are, or construction the late 15th century from the mid-1800s today. Of sacred Geometry can vary greatly, creating dynamism and movement in the Beloved later. Popularly known as Maulawi ( Mevlevi ) Maulana ( Mevlana ), which translates into line! Reality through the zealous pen and brush of the Persian script can be experienced as a vehicle reflection! Defined by Western authors as Islamic mysticism to have inherent qualities that are sure to brighten any environment on. 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