But the situation is more subtle than it may appear at first. Best of The New York Review, plus books, events, and other items of interest. In referring to his student, the then twelve-year-old Felix Mendelssohn, Carl Friedrich Zelter once commented that "it would be a … 83, No. Mendelssohn’s commentary on Qohelet is a treatise that tackles prominent themes within natural religion such as the immortality of the soul and divine providence. A talented visual artist, he was a refined connoisseur of literature and philosophy. Facts are statements which are held to be true and often contrasted with opinions and beliefs. 482–483, 485. 41 music quiz, CH 42 music quiz, ch. The only music by him that commands universal admiration today consists of a cluster of brilliant early compositions, including the Octet for Strings that he wrote in 1825 at age sixteen, the Midsummer Night’s Dream Overture written a year later, and the Ossianic Hebrides Overture, the evocative tone poem of 1830 that he composed after his trip to Scotland in 1829. The great German-Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn (1729–1781) was and remains a perplexing, rather sad, enigma. News about upcoming issues, contributors, special events, online features, and more. They had eight children, many of whose descendants are still alive, some in America. Did Weil know that, in fact, in 1936 the Nazis demolished a statue of Mendelssohn that since 1892 had stood in front of the famous Gewandhaus in Leipzig, the venerable concert hall where Mendelssohn had been the conductor between 1835 and 1847?2 Perhaps for Weil’s purposes it hardly matters, but in current music history and criticism, Mendelssohn’s position in the pantheon is often questioned, for reasons that have nothing to do with ideology, while Wagner’s, no matter how detestable his character and politics, remains firm. 14 and 575, n. 56. JOURNAL OF THE HISTORY OF IDEAS OCTOBER 2014 punishment, let alone life and death. The Mendelssohn’s home was a model of cultural and artistic fitness, they even had a regularly issued family newspaper on the wall. 1 (Spring 1999), pp. The Mendelssohn Family (4th revised ed.). What about here in Australia? ISBN 1843751305 (paperback). The only reference to Weil’s novel I have encountered in the Mendelssohn literature is by Leon Botstein, “The Aesthetics of Assimilation and Affirmation: Reconstructing the Career of Felix Mendelssohn,” in Mendelssohn and His World, edited by R. Larry Todd (Princeton University Press, 1991), p. 36. His A-minor Quartet, Opus 13, of 1827, which is often recognized for its indebtedness to late Beethoven—above all Beethoven’s Quartet in A Minor, Op. Mary Allerton-North. His new book, Beethoven’s Lives, will be published in September. The novel proceeds from there.1. And Varnhagen continues, “Not all of this was done with malicious intent, and some of those who shouted like that would, if necessary, have come to the Jews’ assistance if things had gone any further.”11 Werner’s version had the royal prince spitting at Mendelssohn and exclaiming “Hep hep, Jew-boy!”12 but he gave no evidence for his account and omitted any reference to Varnhagen’s essay, which softened the description to include teasing. Along with giving a detailed portrait of Mendelssohn’s musical and cultural background, his early years, and his later life, Todd describes the anti-Semitism that led many Jews to conversion during these years. But neither married or had kids. While Mendelssohn's name rarely arises in discussions of the 19th century vanguard, the intrinsic importance of his music is undeniable. I'm not a direct descendant, though. Has he been around Scotland in a boat? " Frankfort, July 24, 1845. 1 (Spring 1998), p. 194 and n. 29. ), and Elijah. Early life and family. Todd has written or edited a shelf of studies on many aspects of Mendelssohn, and in this book his experience tells. Werner’s main aim in fashioning his “new image,” says Botstein, was to rescue Mendelssohn’s reputation from the margins of Romantic music, to which it had been relegated by critics from Wagner to Shaw, not to mention the onslaught carried out by German ideologues between 1933 and 1945. His grandfather Moses Mendelssohn was a rabbi and a philosopher. Start studying ch. Moses Mendelssohn (6 September 1729 [1] – 4 January 1786) was a German Jewish philosopher to whose ideas the Haskalah, the 'Jewish enlightenment' of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, is indebted.. Born to a poor Jewish family in Dessau and originally destined for a rabbinical career, Mendelssohn educated himself in German thought and literature and from his writings on philosophy … As he puts it,“… 1 (Spring 1999), pp. That's a family and half. Despite Wagner’s repulsive personal qualities and notorious anti-Semitism, no one doubts his creative genius and his powerful influence on the world of music after his time. Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel wrote several large-scale works as well as many Lieder. As Weil’s book turns to the tragic fate of the Czech Jews, his larger themes emerge. One such document concerns the ten-year-old Mendelssohn and the German anti-Semitic riots of 1819 (also known as the Judensturm), which began in Würzburg and spread across Germany, lasting more than two months.10 The riots were incited, Todd writes, by an “inflammatory pamphlet of the Berlin historian Friedrich Rühs that argued against Jewish citizenship unless accompanied by conversion to Christianity.” According to a contemporary, Karl Varnhagen von Ense, during these riots in an unnamed German town. Over the years Felix went on to write a considerable amount of Protestant religious music, including psalm settings, chorale cantatas, other choral works, and two major oratorios—St. His grandfather, Moses Mendelssohn (1729–1786), was the most famous Jewish philosopher of the eighteenth century, a celebrated writer, friend of Lessing, and defender of religious tolerance. Elijah, for all its traditionalism, is a work of enormous solidity, with many passages of melodic strength and dramatic power. In fact, Karl's son was friend of Wagner's and an acquaintance of Mad King Ludwig of Bavaria. [Written in English.] Here’s the current calendar of events and concerts . The complimentary theme returns in E major immediately afterward, leading to a final statement of the main theme and a thrilling coda. ↩, Vitercik, The Early Works of Felix Mendelssohn, p. 314, from Donald Francis Tovey, Essays in Musical Analysis (Oxford University Press, 1935–1944), Vol. One of its special strengths is its detailed account of Mendelssohn’s social and family background, including the family trees of his parents, Abraham Mendelssohn and his wife, Lea Salomon Mendelssohn, granddaughter of Daniel Itzig, who had been court banker to Frederick the Great. Psalm 46 - For the director of music. ↩, Leon Botstein, “Mendelssohn and the Jews,” The Musical Quarterly, Vol. Moses's son Abraham Mendelssohn wrote in 1829 (to Felix), "My father felt that the name Moses Ben Mendel Dessau would handicap him in gaining the needed access to those who had the better education at their disposal. Additional criticism of Werner’s treatment of documents was made by Peter Ward Jones in a letter to the editor, The Musical Quarterly, Vol. Werner’s main subject was Jewish and Christian early music, and his ambitious book The Sacred Bridge (1959) combined wide historical knowledge with sweeping claims for which little hard evidence was to be found.6, Similar reactions have recently emerged regarding Werner’s Mendelssohn biography, which claimed to present a “new image” of the composer.7 In a penetrating article on Mendelssohn’s problems of Jewish and Christian identity, Jeffrey Sposato exposed serious deficiencies in Werner’s book, showing more than a few instances in which Werner mis-transcribed or misinterpreted documents bearing on Mendelssohn’s Jewish self-awareness.8 Moreover, accord- ing to Sposato, he did so in ways that tended to reinforce Werner’s belief that, despite Mendelssohn’s commitment to Christianity, he “retained a deep-seated feeling for the fate of Jewry, which was much more positive than that of his father,” and that he had “a strong solidarity wherever Jews as individuals were concerned.”9. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. " Frankfort, July 24, 1845. In this question and answer series, Russell gives his take on your burning questions about classical music. From early boyhood on, Mendelssohn was a faithful Christian, a true believer, but he also knew all his life that he was a Jew. Felix kept the byname “Bartholdy” all his life; when English reviewers referred to him simply as “Felix Mendelssohn” his anxious father took him to task, thinking he was omitting it deliberately and telling him that “a Christian Mendelssohn is as impossible as a Jewish Confucius.”4 Still, Felix remained fully aware of his famous Jewish grandfather, and in his later years took pride in helping to publish a collected edition of Moses Mendelssohn’s writings. In quite different ways both of the books under review have something to say about these matters. Mendelssohn reveals it to be an ingenious countertheme of the movement’s main melody when the violin and strings play them simultaneously. Moses Mendelssohn (6 September 1729 [1] – 4 January 1786) was a German Jewish philosopher to whose ideas the Haskalah (the 'Jewish enlightenment' of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries) is indebted. Since he does not know which one is Mendelssohn, he decides to take down the one with the biggest nose. One of Jewish history's most original philosophers—the expression, "From Moses to Moses there arose none like Moses," initially coined to honor Maimonides, was extended by admirers to accommodate this third Moses—he was also a valiant pioneer of European Jewry's … ). More in Books Conservatism’s Contested Tradition Conservatism’s Contested Tradition Beyond his critique of Werner, Sposato goes on to claim that Mendelssohn, far from holding firmly to his Jewish roots, sincerely embraced Protestantism and “tried to distance himself from his heritage as much as possible.”13 He finds support for this view not only in letters but in Mendelssohn’s treatment of the Jews in the librettos of his choral works Moses, St. Paul, Elijah, and Christus (an unfinished oratorio on the birth and Passion of Christ). There is, I would say, another dual perspective to be found in his music: that of a musician steeped in reverence for the masters of the past but working to bring their formal disciplines and strength of expression into his own times. Elijah thanks the Lord, and the final chorus breaks out with tremendous force, “Thanks be to God, He laveth the thirsty land.” The passage shows us Mendelssohn the dramatist, putting his dream of opera into an oratorio scene that Handel would have been proud to write. This concert will be followed by a free screening of Bach, Mendelssohn and the St. Matthew Passion at 4pm. Brahms, Tchaikovsky and Ravel all died childless, and Debussy had one daughter who lived into her early teens. Liszt had various children with a countess he fell in love with. Mendelssohn. In turn, his son died childless in 1917, the last Beethoven. Edited by Felix's nephew, an important collection of letters and documents about the family. I've recently taken up the guitar too!". Or, see all newsletter options here. ↩, See Todd, Mendelssohn and His World, p. ix. But if I were a writer, I would still choose to write on the topic which is far from being original. Admired as the leading German composer of the 1830s and 1840s, Mendelssohn also conquered early Victorian England, making many visits there and becoming a personal favorite of Queen Victoria. The scope of Mendelssohn’s common sense reflects the universal scope of the values he sought to promote, primordially that blissful felicity, which ”ccording to the concepts of true Jud”ism, he pointedly ”rgues in Jerusalem, ”ll the inh”bit”nts of the e”rth ”re destined to. Brown quotes the article at some length and concludes that Becher. The early works show an integration of form, content, and expression that the later Mendelssohn could never surpass. Russell Torrance presents Classic Breakfast on ABC Classic (Monday to Friday, 6am–10am). Clive Brown’s biography is a fairly bland account of Mendelssohn’s life and of his works, in which he usefully includes a number of biographical documents. It wouldn’t be Christmas without carols – the traditional festive songs that, in some cases, can be traced back hundreds of years. the spirit that animates the whole…speaks unmistakably of that youthful power that also captures hearts by its robust health and plenitude of bubbling life, even if it often roams quickly from one to the other with a lack of restraint natural to youth…. Beethoven didn’t have any children either, although his nephew and heir, Karl, did. A revised and expanded German version appeared as Mendelssohn: Leben und Werk in Neuer Sicht (Zurich: Atlantis, 1980). To most music lovers Mendelssohn ranks as one of the most remarkable prodigies in the history of music, a teenage genius who went on to fulfill a grand and successful career as a composer of instrumental and vocal music largely conceived along traditional lines. That's London. The Mendelssohn family money guaranteed that the young Felix was well going to be well educated, but he was also an excellent painter of delicate watercolours. Mendelssohn's grandson, the famous German composer Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy, was baptized as a child by his assimilated parents.) ↩, See Sposato, “Creative Writing.” The article is condensed from Sposato’s doctoral dissertation, “The Price of Assimilation: The Oratorios of Felix Mendelssohn and the Nineteenth-Century Anti-Semitic Tradition” (Brandeis University, 2000). According to alamoth. Whether one sees Mendelssohn as one of the great composers or as “only” a supremely gifted but uneven one, his fate, as a converted Jewish artist who lived through the periods of fierce anti-Semitism during the early nineteenth century, demands our attention. MENDELSSOHN AND REMBRANDT: ARTISTS IN CHRIST. "Yes there is! philosopher to whose ideas the Haskalah, the 'Jewish Enlightenment' of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, is indebted. ↩, Michael P. Steinberg, “Mendelssohn’s Music and German-Jewish Culture: An Intervention,” The Musical Quarterly, Vol. © 1963-2021 NYREV, Inc. All rights reserved. ↩, Werner, Mendelssohn, p. 28; German version, p. 36. Near the end of the first part of the oratorio, the people, suffering from a seven-year drought, yearn for water. 0 Much general comment on Moses Mendelssohn appeared in the press of the world on occasion of the centenary of the birth of the composer Mendelssohn in 1909. The Hebrides Overture (Fingal’s Cave), Op. As Botstein sees it, Werner was fighting against layers of accumulated prejudice toward Mendelssohn, and he compares Werner’s passionate defense of Mendelssohn’s Jewishness to the work of other Jewish émigré scholars who had to “struggle to establish livelihoods and careers in a strange new world.”15. The high point of Mendelssohn’s career was the triumphant premiere of his oratorio _____ in England. And to procreate. Whether the inspiration for this cello part is Ashkenazi, or perhaps Roma, the movement represents a remarkable clash of cultures, perhaps reflecting a similar split within Mendelssohn himself. ↩, Botstein, “Mendelssohn and the Jews,” p. 218. Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume. Gustav Mahler, born into a Jewish family, converted to Roman Catholicism in 1896 in order to preserve his career as a conductor, at a time when anti-Semitism became the norm of Germanic cultural identity and law. As Jews, he writes, they were denied citizenship, and “professional options for Jewish subjects were then severely limited.” Todd also notes that “the proselytizing zeal of Christians” was partly responsible for rising rates of conversion, and that “for well-to-do Jewish women, conversion offered a means of escaping failed marriages and forging new alliances with Prussian noblemen.”. Felix Mendelssohn was born into a prominent and highly cultivated German-Jewish family. Two biographies of Mendelssohn, one by R. Larry Todd and the other by Clive Brown, raise this and a number of related questions. Felix Mendelssohn is the German side of the family, mine are from Ukraine, so we're kind of cousins. The [Self-] Identification of Mendelssohn as Jew 191 also often came from sources close to home, as was true in Mendelssohn's case. See Todd, Mendelssohn, pp. While we can be bored by many of the later salon pieces, by Songs Without Words, and by later piano pieces, as well as by the more tedious products in various other genres, we should remember the power of the later string quartets, especially the F Minor Quartet, Op. It will come as a surprise to most people that the rest of the incidental music for A Midsummer Night’s Dream was written in 1843, seventeen years after the Overture and four years before Mendelssohn’s death. London: Sampson Low and Co. OCLC 655604542. Mendelssohn was a true Renaissance man. As for the familiar complaint that in many later works Mendelssohn succumbed to routine phrase-spinning and dreary patchwork, I think it is generally overstated. 82, No. And it did. Get immediate access to the current issue and over 20,000 articles from the archives, plus the NYR App. 1 (Spring 1998), p. 218; see also his “Mendelssohn, Werner, and the Jews: A Final Word,” The Musical Quarterly, Vol. Your information is handled in accordance with the ABC Privacy Collection Statement. A few basic questions dominate the literature about Mendelssohn. This son went on to live in the USA and worked for the Michigan Central Railroad in Detroit. It's easy sometimes to forget that the great composers were actually human beings. Which of the following statements is not true of the piano in the early romantic period? All of which was made the more poignant by his father’s insistence that he put his Jewish identity behind him, a demand that he could only meet in part. It is written with the assurance that is possible for a scholar who has steeped himself for years in his subject, and it seems likely to be the standard biography for a long time to come. Felix Mendelssohn was born into a prominent and highly cultivated German-Jewish family. Moses Mendelssohn was born in Dessau.His father's name was Mendel, but Moses and his brother Saul were the first to adopt the surname Mendelssohn ("Mendel's son"). J. I. G. D. Abraham Mendelssohn: Second son of Moses Mendelssohn; born at Berlin Dec. 10, 1776; died there Nov. 19, 1835; father of Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy. Some of the material from earlier writers sheds light on Mendelssohn’s reputation among his contemporaries and afterward. ... such as the Hebrides Overture by Felix Mendelssohn, which was one of my favourite works as a music history student in high school. While Mendelssohn's name rarely arises in discussions of the 19th century vanguard, the intrinsic importance of his music is undeniable. His father is a prominent medical researcher who previously headed the Howard Florey Institute in Melbourne, where he maintains the status of Professor Emeritus. 2 (Summer 1999). He maintains a steady balance when he discusses Mendelssohn’s religious allegiance, a subject that has aroused considerable controversy in recent years in writings by Jeffrey Sposato, Leon Botstein, and Michael P. Steinberg. Prestige Press. The manuscript for Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel’s September: At the River, from The Year, has poetic lines by: Johann Wolfgang von Geothe Fanny Mendelssohn … The former occupies a position of awe and reverence for those who have ever worked through the mind-boggling depth and breadth of his Talmudic commentaries or responsa; the latter is seen as the Founding Father of the heterodox movements that presided over the dismantling of loyalty … Ah, the Wagners. B) Through-composed is a song form that allows music to reflect a … By opening up Judaism to this kind of rational skepticism, Mendelssohn opened the door through which others rushed in. Moses Mendelssohn (6 September 1729 [1] – 4 January 1786) was a German Jewish philosopher to whose ideas the Haskalah, the 'Jewish enlightenment' of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, is indebted.. Born to a poor Jewish family in Dessau and originally destined for a rabbinical career, Mendelssohn educated himself in German thought and literature and from his writings on philosophy … In this workshop, we read and comment upon Mendelssohn’s commentary on Qohelet both in itself and in relation to his other Hebrew works. Classical Music: B flat is a feminist issue In the very beginning, all she ever wanted to do was to play Mozart piano concertos. Hensel, Sebastian (1884). Mendelssohn embraced this land of bright sunshine and hot-blooded romance, qualities he infused into his ebullient Italian Symphony. Therefore we will not fear, though the earth give way and the mountains fall into the heart of the sea, though its waters roar and foam and the mountains quake with their surging. At this time the surname “Bartholdy” was added to their names, following the practice begun by Felix’s maternal uncle, Jacob Salomon Bartholdy.3 In 1822 Abraham and Lea Mendelssohn also converted to Christianity and added “Bartholdy,” but, as Todd notes, they did it in secret, which indicates some of the emotional contradictions many German Jews felt about their status as “new Christians.”. ↩, Mendelssohn: A New Image of the Composer and His Age (Free Press, 1963; reprinted by Greenwood, 1978). Thirty years ago, that name carried two associations: as the surname of Moses Mendelssohn, the philosopher who brought a modernized Judaism into the Enlightenment, and as that of Felix Mendelssohn, the preternaturally gifted composer of A Midsummer Night’s Dream, an immortal violin concerto, four symphonies, a collection of charming chamber music, and a number of … Although much has been written about Felix Mendelssohn over the past 150 years, biographers have tended to regurgitate earlier narratives, which have incorporated myths, misrepresentations and even falsehoods about his family. (1) Felix Mendelssohn’s father Abraham, son of the Enlightment philosopher and Jewis ↩, The name Bartholdy derived from a dairy farm that had once been owned by Mendelssohn’s great-grandfather Daniel Itzig, who in turn took it from a previous Christian owner, Baron Friedrich Christian von Bartholdy. Bob Mendelssohn lives in Sydney, and is an ABC Classic listener. I know about the family tradition of Bach studies but was surprised when I read somewhere this statement : " I have often felt that the sufficient reason for their father's having baptized both Felix and Fanny can be found in Mendelssohn's revival of Bach (not to speak of his own oratorios)." By Ghanaian Chronicle Listen to article ... but the true ruler of the land was his wife Jezebel. So who are their descendants, and are there any alive today? one of the most striking and individual contemporary appraisals of Mendelssohn’s position as a composer was published in the Wiener Allgemeine Musik-Zeitung in 1845; it takes the form of a comparison between Mendelssohn and Berlioz. For Todd it is the “crowning achievement of Felix’s career.”. Mendelssohn: Letters and Recollections. The Scherzo, the Nocturne, and the famous Wedding March are only the most familiar of the thirteen numbers that he then wrote to match the Overture, and the series forms a perfect musical web. ANNANDALE-ON-HUDSON, N.Y.—Celebrated violin virtuoso Elizabeth Pitcairn performs with the legendary 1720 “Red Mendelssohn” Stradivarius, the Christie’s auction of which in 1990 is said to have inspired the 1999 Academy Award–winning film The Red Violin.Pianist Cynthia Elise Tobey will accompany Pitcairn.The program includes a world premiere performance of composer Sara Carina … You see, the Wagners are one of those families who are always fighting, specifically over who gets to run the famous Bayreuth Festival. 26 (1830 – 1832) Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy (1809 – 1847) Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy was, by any measure, a creative prodigy. Here is Mendelssohn's reply to the Committee's invitation : — [To Joseph Moore, Esq.] Schubert’s stirring Overture also honors Italian music, while a standout concerto from Haydn’s time points to Italy’s role in creating a … ... into his play. GUSIKOW, Michael Joseph, an artist of rare musical faculty—'a true genius' says Mendelssohn—born of poor Jewish parents and of a family which had produced musicians for more than a century, at Sklow in Poland, Sept. 3, 1806. In his preface to the English translation of Jirí Weil’s novel about Czechoslovakia under the Nazis, Philip Roth sums up the book’s first chapter: An SS man has orders to remove the statue of the Jewish composer Mendelssohn from among the statues of musicians that ornament the roof of the Prague Academy of Music. Of Johann Sebastian’s twenty-something children, five were excellent composers in their own right, wowing audiences and aristocrats from Leipzig to London. Both defended Werner’s larger purposes and viewpoint, while admitting the serious flaws in his treatment of evidence. (Wikimedia Commons: Johann Nepomuk della Croce). Of that huge and important family, the last one died in 1871, Bach's granddaughter Carolina Augusta. Women could receive conservatory training in all of the following EXCEPT For example, one reviewer writes of his C Minor Symphony—which Mendelssohn composed at fifteen—that. Looking at the issues from the wider perspective of cultural history, Steinberg argues for a more nuanced view of Mendelssohn’s religious identity: The assertion that Mendelssohn should be considered a Protestant rather than Jew simply replaces one conceptually and historically inadequate label with another and thus duplicates Werner’s conceptual and historical limitations, even if it restores the veracity of the source material. At first the child sees nothing, then Elijah renews his prayer for rain. London: MacMillan and Co. OCLC 1019332582. ↩, On these riots see Paul Lawrence Rose, Revolutionary Antisemitism in Germany from Kant to Wagner (Princeton University Press, 1990). Gabriel Prokofiev is the grandson of the Soviet composer Sergei Prokofiev, and is himself a composer, living in London. We have to remember that Mendelssohn, like Mozart, crowded an enormous amount of work into a creative life of little more than twenty-five years, from about age twelve to his death at thirty-eight. 40 music quiz, Musi 2730 Exam 3. Tzvi Sinensky responds to Lawrence Kaplan and continues the discussion on Mendelssohn and Jewish law. Mendelsohn was born in Melbourne, Victoria, the son of Carole Ann (née Ferguson) and Frederick Arthur Oscar Mendelsohn. God is our refuge and strength, an ever-present help in trouble. Although himself a practicing orthodox Jew, he has been referred to as the father of Reform Judaism. They wrote about feelings, emotions, historic events, scientific inventions, biographies. What are the greatest moments in classical music. ... Tchaikovsky was a happily-married family man with a cheerful self-confident outlook. ↩, For a sample, see Leo Treitler’s comments on Werner’s discussion of the possible origins of Western chant notation, in Treitler’s With Voice and Pen: Coming to Know Medieval Song and How It Was Made (Oxford University Press, 2003), p. 364. ... Mendelssohn earned an international reputation, and rekindled an interest in the earlier composer’s music, by conducting the first performance since the composer’s death of ... Tchaikovsky was a happily-married family man with a cheerful self-confident outlook. One of them, Cosima, married Richard Wagner. For a concise evaluation of both versions see John Michael Cooper, Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy: A Guide to Research (Routledge, 2001), pp. ↩, Brown’s book shows some signs of haste in production, and a few errors should have been caught. (An essay by Immanuel Kant came insecond place.) Also in London is a budding conductor by the name of Marius Stravinsky, a relative of Igor. It is one thing to mimic adults who put words into your mouth, or play music written by others, but it is entirely another thing to actually write those words and compose that music yourself. Botstein, accepting the view that Mendelssohn’s conversion was sincere, argues nevertheless that the choral works and other evidence show that, Mendelssohn’s personal construct of Protestant Christianity was designed to fit a crucial criterion—that it be the modern moral equivalent and logical historical outcome of Judaism.17. Bob Mendelssohn says he is distantly related to Felix and Fanny Mendelssohn. Felix Mendelssohn is the German side of the family, mine are from Ukraine, so we're kind of cousins. It is certainly true that female composers have suffered from misogyny, and probably still do. The former occupies a position of awe and reverence for those who have ever worked through the mind-boggling depth and breadth of his Talmudic commentaries or responsa; the latter is seen as the Founding Father of the heterodox movements that presided over the dismantling of loyalty … Our unusual and interesting facts about Mendelssohn, trivia and information, including some useful details of facts about the life events of this famous composer will … That he does so without the searching ambiguities of Schumann or the coloristic novelties of Berlioz has made him seem old-fashioned to some; but in fact his ambition to reconcile past and present made him an immediate heir of Beethoven, just as he hoped to be, and his mastery in his best works is as complete as that of any other major composer of the century.