"[26] His appearance is that of an indigent munshi or teacher of languages". Bahādur Shāh II, also called Bahādur Shāh Ẓafar, (born October 24, 1775, Delhi, India—died November 7, 1862, Rangoon [now Yangon], Myanmar), the last Mughal emperor of India (reigned 1837–57). Widely considered to be the last effective ruler of the Mughal Empire, Aurangzeb compiled the Fatawa-e-Alamgiri, and was among the few monarchs to have fully established Sharia law and Islamic economics throughout the Indian subcontinent. कितना है बदनसीब "ज़फ़र″ दफ़्न के लिए इक शाख़-ए-गुल पे बैठ के बुलबुल है शादमाँ Akbar Shah II. Hindus regained power within the region. The emperor permitted the company to collect taxes from Delhi and maintain a military force in it. The book witnesses the tale of the most glorious Mughal dynasty ruler. He was "spoon-fed on broth" but he found that difficult too by 3 November. Question: Who was the last Mughal Emperor to sit on Mayur Singhasan? [11], The trial was a consequence of the Sepoy Mutiny and lasted for 41 days, had 19 hearings, 21 witnesses and over a hundred documents in Persian and Urdu, with their English translations, were produced in the court. Critical response. [20][21] Davies commenting on Zafar, described his life to be "very uncertain". As long as there remains the scent of Iman in the hearts of our Ghazis, so long shall the sword of Hindustan flash before the throne of London. Related Questions. The first War of Independence in India started in 1857 under his leadership. He was arrested by the British Army after it captured Delhi in September 1857. 4) Causing and being accessory to the murder of the Christians. The sepoys apparently used to affix his seal on empty envelopes, the contents of which he was absolutely unaware. The Last Mughal Emperor. The last Mughal emperor, Zafar, came to the throne when the political power of the Mughals was already in steep decline. [26] Like many of his followers, he believed that his position as both a Sufi pir and emperor gave him spiritual powers. The last Mughal king, Bahadur Shah, better known as Bahadur Shah Zafar, was born in 1775 at Delhi. However, the claims are often disputed. Question: The last Mughal Emperor was Bahadur Shah. harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFDalrymple2006 (, Shahzada Muhammad Hidayat Afshar, Ilahi Bakhsh Bahadur, "Proceedings of the April 1858 Trial of Bahadur Shah Zafar 'King of Delhi, "Grave secrets of Yangon's imperial tomb", "Search the Collections | Victoria and Albert Museum", "Zoomify image: Poem composed by the Emperor Bahadhur Shah and addressed to the Governor General's Agent at Delhi February 1843", "[SASIALIT] bahadur shah zafar poem and its translation attempts", Extract of talk by Zafar's biographer William Dalrymple (British Library), Extracts from a book on Bahadur Shah Zafar, with details of exile and family, Links to further websites on Bahadur Shah Zafar, BBC Report on Bahadur Shah's possible descendants in Hyderabad, An article on Bahadur Shah's descendants in Delhi and Hyderabad, Another article on Bahadur Shah's descendants in Hyderabad, An article on Bahadur Shah's descendants in Kolkata, Forgotten Empress: Sultana Beghum sells tea in Kolkata, Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bahadur_Shah_Zafar&oldid=1002429536, Revolutionaries of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, Articles with dead external links from June 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2012, Articles with Hindi-language sources (hi), Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Abu Zafar Siraj-ud-din Muhammad Bahadur Shah, Raunaq Zamani Begum (possibly a granddaughter, d. 1930), This page was last edited on 24 January 2021, at 12:03. 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