"Plans for Airport at Former Homestead, Fla., Air Force Base Grounded". A lack of subsequent action by the Congress prompted Governor Charlie Crist to travel to Washington D.C. in February 2008 and inquire about the promised funds. Although attempts were made to make the base more environmentally friendly, in 2001 local commercial interests promoting the airport lost federal support. Marjory Stoneman Douglas later wrote that the C&SF projects were "interrelated stupidity", crowned by the C-38 canal. Tibbetts, John (August, 2000). While it certainly will be vastly superior to the current ecosystem, it will not completely match the pre-drainage system. "Lessons from the Everglades". [90] Governor Crist announced the same month that $50 million would be earmarked for Everglades restoration. "Everglades cleanup said to be mired in 'glacial delay'", Central and Southern Florida Flood Control Project, Draining and development of the Everglades, Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Florida Department of Environmental Protection, List of invasive species in the Everglades, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, Indigenous people of the Everglades region, Everglades Restoration Plan Passes House, With Final Approval Seen, "51 - Special Message to the Congress Outlining the 1972 Environmental Program", "Everglades National Park, Florida, United States of America", "Environmental Setting: The Altered System", "Mercury Studies in the Florida Everglades", "Florida Statutes (Supplement 1994) [Everglades Forever Act]", "Handbook of Florida Water Regulation: Florida Everglades Forever Act", "Periphyton-based Stormwater Treatment Area (PSTA) Technology", "American Alligator, Wildlife Species Information", "Florida Panther Frequently Asked Questions", "Call for Environmental Study Delays Plan for a Florida Airport", "Chapter 1: Background and understanding", "Water Resources Development Act (WRDA) of 2000", Fla. Steps In to Speed Up State-Federal Everglades Cleanup, Vast Effort to Save Everglades Falters as U.S. Funds Dwindle, "Picayune Strand a model for what Everglades restoration will mean", Crist OK's $66B budget with little fanfare, "Progress Toward Restoring the Everglades: Second Biennial Review (Brief)", The Everglades in the Time of Marjory Stoneman Douglas, CERP: A Visual Explanation of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Project (SFWMD), C-44 Reservoir Storm Water Treatment Area Project (SFWMD/CERP), Environmental Impact of the Big Cypress Swamp Jetport, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Restoration_of_the_Everglades&oldid=1000325109, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. State voters were asked to support the tax, and environmentalists paid $15 million to encourage the issue. Initially the bill was criticized by conservation groups for not being strict enough on polluters, but the Everglades Forever Act was passed in 1994. Too much contact with humans causes females to abandon their nests, and males in particular are often victims of vehicle collisions while roaming over large territories and attempting to cross U.S. 1 and Card Sound Road in the Florida Keys. "Federal Experts Warn of Alien Plant Invasion". The goal of the Central Everglades Planning Project (CEPP) is to deliver a finalized plan, known as a Project Implementation Report (PIR), for a suite of restoration projects in the central Everglades to prepare for congressional authorization, as part of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan … The report remarked that the degradation of the natural quality of the Everglades, Florida Bay, and other bodies of water in South Florida would cause a significant decrease in tourism (12,000 jobs and $200 million annually) and income from compromised commercial fishing (3,300 jobs and $52 million annually). The source of the mercury was found to be waste incinerators and fossil fuel power plants that expelled the element in the atmosphere, which precipitated with rain, or in the dry season, dust. “The Tamiami Trail project is a key component of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan. A strategy called the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP) was enacted to restore portions of the Everglades, Lake Okeechobee, the Caloosahatchee River, and Florida Bay to undo the damage of the past 50 years. [3] After decades of destructive practices, both state and federal agencies are looking for ways to balance the needs of the natural environment in South Florida with urban and agricultural centers that have recently and rapidly grown in and near the Everglades. [13] In 1972 President Richard Nixon declared the Big Cypress Swamp—the intended location for the Miami jetport in 1969—to be federally protected. Unlike their relatives the alligators, crocodiles tend to thrive in brackish or salt-water habitats such as estuarine or marine coasts. [10] When South Florida experienced a severe drought from 1970 to 1975, with Miami receiving only 33 inches (840 mm) of rain in 1971—22 inches (560 mm) less than average—media attention focused on the Everglades. The report warned that if no action was taken the region would rapidly deteriorate. [46][47], Around 6 million people moved to South Florida between 1940 and 1965. It allowed for purchase of land where pollutants would be sent to "treat and improve the quality of waters coming from the EAA".[37]. However, the reptile that has earned media attention for its size and potential to harm children and domestic pets is the Burmese python (Python bivittatus), which has spread quickly throughout the area. Fish and Wildlife Service were responsible for maintaining the Clean Water Act and the Endangered Species Act, yet still approved 99% of all permits to build in wetlands and panther territory. 2013). The project involves 55 sub-projects – some small scale and others that require years of research, extensive planning and large budgets. When they threatened to refuse to support it, the plan was rewritten to provide more water to the park. Florida is expediting all 27 Everglades restoration projects prioritized by DEP and the SFWMD, including the EAA Reservoir Project. As Miami and other metropolitan areas began to intrude on the Everglades in the 1960s, political battles took place between park management and the C&SF when insufficient water in the park threw ecosystems into chaos. The reservoir is anticipated to hold 240,000 acre-feet of water (equal to six inches in Lake Okeechobee) that will be used to refresh the Everglades and Florida Bay instead of being discharged to the northern estuaries and flushed out to the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. "New Environmental Study Begins on Homestead, Fla., Airport Project". Conversely, perhaps the animal that causes the most damage to native wildlife is the domestic or feral cat. Today it remains one of the biggest environmental restoration efforts in the world, but even with a price tag that will be around $17 Billion when it’s all finished, the project remains underfunded and behind schedule. It covers 16 counties over an 18,000-square-mile (47,000 km 2) area and centers on an update of the Central & Southern Florida (C&SF) Project also known as the Restudy. [44], Perhaps the most dramatic loss of any group of animals has been to wading birds. Everglades National Park protects an unparalleled landscape that provides important habitat for numerous rare and endangered species like the manatee, American crocodile, and the elusive Florida panther. 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